Placemaking Research

Displaying 1 - 10 of 52
Title/Description Category Date Author Key Findings Document
Active Living Research: Using Evidence to Prevent Childhood Obesity and Create Active Communities Health – Child Obesity 2012 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Low-income and minority communities in America have fewer of the amenities that promote walking and other physical activity than do white and higher-income communities. Download
Active Transportation to School: Trends Among U.S. Schoolchildren, 1969–2001 Health – Child Obesity 2007 Noreen McDonald, Ph.D. This study examines USDOT National Personal Transportation Survey data from 1969 to 2001 for changes in the proportion of students walking or biking to school and the influences on that change. The percentage of students walking or biking steadily declined during the period studied. Distance to school has the strongest influence on the decision to walk or bike. Based on the findings, policymakers should continue supporting programs like Safe Routes to School and encourage the placement of schools within walking/biking distance of neighborhoods. Download
American Express OPEN Survey of Independent Businesses Entrepreneurialism N/A This longitudinal market share study provides analysis of trends in the success of independent, local proprietors from 1990 to 2009. In the 15 metros studied, residential neighborhoods served by a successful independent business district gained, on average, 50 percent more in home values than did their citywide markets over the most recent 14-year period. Download
Branding Your City Value of Human Contact/Interaction 2006 CEOs for Cities A brand is the emotionally shared foundation that helps to make a place desirable as one where people can work, visit, or live and it can foster economic growth. This growth can lead to a shift in perception and a shedding of negative stereotypes and the creation of a common vision for a community. Download
Building Prosperous Places in Michigan: Understanding the Values of, Perceptions of, and Barriers to Placemaking Economic/ROI of Public Infrastructure 2012 Adelaja, Soji In many instances, the sale price of a home was positively influenced by the presence of nearby placemaking amenities. In Lansing, homes close to downtown Lansing, Michigan State University, or near a river or a lake sold for more than homes located farther away from these amenities. In Royal Oak, property values benefited from being around a number of businesses, especially restaurants.
Causes and Consequences of Fiscal Stress in Michigan Municipalities Why Local Municipal and State Services Must Get Financial House in Order 2009 Skidmore, Mark; Scorsone, Eric The underlying causes of the fiscal challenges faced by Michigan local governments are a shrinking manufacturing base (and an increase in unemployment from 3.8 percent in 2000 to 12.9 percent in 2009), structural deficits at the state level leading to reductions in revenue sharing to local units, and a combination of restrictive property tax limitations and a down housing market over the past two years.
Chasing the Past or Investing in Our Future Value of Place Amenities/Cost and Regionalism 2009 Adelaja, Soji For every 1 percent increase in the 25- to 34-year-old population a county has, there is an associated increase of 539 jobs. Counties with a higher percentage of people with a bachelor’s degree or higher are associated with faster population change, income growth, and job creation.
Chicago's Green Dividend Economic/ROI of Public Infrastructure 2008 Cortright, Joseph The aggregate economic benefits, or the green dividend, that Chicago area residents enjoy as a result of compact land use patterns and alternatives to single occupancy vehicle travel work out to approximately $2.3 billion per year in transportation savings – money that does not leave the local region. Download
City Advantage Economic/ROI of Public Infrastructure 2007 Cortright, Joseph Overall, there are four key city advantages: Variety (between 1972 and 2001, the number of different goods imported to the U.S. roughly tripled, and this increase in variety is estimated at about $260 billion per year); Convenience; Discovery (cities are the place where new work gets created); and Opportunity (larger metropolitan areas not only have more total jobs, but a greater proportion of their population lives in places where there are jobs close by). Download
City Dividends Economic/ROI of Public Infrastructure 2008 Cortright, Joseph Increasing the four-year college attainment rate in each of the nation’s 51 largest metropolitan areas by one percentage point would be associated with a $124 billion increase in aggregate personal income. Reducing vehicle miles traveled per person by one mile per day would produce household savings of $29 billion annually. Reducing poverty rates by one percentage point would decrease public sector outlays by about $13 billion annually. Download